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Monday, 18 July 2016 04:02

Common causes of Kidney Failure with Signs: Pg1(Photos)

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Common causes of Kidney Failure and the Signs (Secret revealed: Photos)

The kidneys are two organs located in your midsection on either side of your spine in the middle of your back, just above the waist. They clean your blood, keep the balance of salt and minerals in your blood, and help control blood pressure.

When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body, causing swelling in your ankles, vomiting, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath. If you don't treat them, diseased kidneys may eventually stop working completely. Loss of kidney function is a serious -- and potentially fatal -- condition. Kidney disease means that the kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood like they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in the body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. For most people, kidney damage occurs slowly over many years, often due to diabetes or high blood pressure.

Function of a Healthy kidneys:

  • Maintain a balance of water and minerals, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphorus, in your blood
  • Remove waste by-products from your blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medications
  • Make renin, an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
  • Make erythropoietin, which stimulates red blood cell production
  • Make an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health

What Causes Acute Kidney Injury?

Doctors call the sudden loss of kidney function "acute kidney injury" or "acute renal failure" (ARF). It has three main causes:

  • Lack of blood flow to the kidneys
  • Direct damage to the kidneys themselves
  • Urine backed up in the kidneys

Above problem can happen when:

  • You have a traumatic injury with blood loss
  • You are dehydrated
  • You go into shock during a severe infection called sepsis
  • You have a blocked urine flow, which can happen with an enlarged prostate
  • You take specific drugs or are around certain toxins
  • You get complications with a pregnancy, such as eclampsia and pre-eclampsia, or related HELLP Syndrome

Marathon runners and other athletes who don't drink enough fluids while competing in long-distance endurance events may get acute renal failure because of a sudden breakdown of muscle tissue. This releases a large amount of protein into the bloodstream called myoglobin that can damage the kidneys.

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Read 15631 times Last modified on Wednesday, 04 January 2017 09:23


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